Gum disease (also know as periodontal disease) is a problem for over 60% of the adult population as it often goes unnoticed due to its painless nature. It is often at its later stages when diagnosed. Some of the signs and symptoms of gum disease are: red swollen and bleeding gums, bad breath and loose teeth.
Everybody has a range of bacteria in their mouth. Plaque is constantly being formed by some of these bacteria when they feed on the sugars in the foods and drinks you consume. Plaque provides the perfect environment for the bacteria that can cause gum disease to live and multiply.
The cause of gum disease is bacteria on the teeth above and below the gum line. This bacteria is present in hard and soft plaque. If this hard and soft bacteria is not removed professionally by a dentist or a hygienist an infection and pocketing can form around the tooth.
As this infection progresses the bone and ligaments holding the teeth in place is destroyed, causing teeth to become loose and unstable. If left without treatment, these teeth can actually fall out.
As long as the gum infection hasn’t progressed too far it can be treated either by us or by referral to a specialist periodontist.