Dental bridges literally bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth.
Bridges can be used to replace missing teeth. If gaps are present in your mouth other teeth can move causing gum and occlusal problems. A bridge is a permanent, artificial tooth that can fill the gap. It involves crowning either one or both of the teeth around the gap with the artificial tooth being fixed to these crowns.
There are three main types of dental bridges:
- Traditional bridges involve creating a crown for the tooth or implant on either side of the missing tooth, with a pontic in between. Traditional bridges are the most common type of bridge and are made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics.
- Cantilever bridges are used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth. This is not very common any more and is not recommended in the back of the mouth where it can put too much force on other teeth and damage them.
- Maryland bonded bridges (also called a resin-bonded bridge or a Maryland bridge) are made of porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, or plastic teeth and gums supported by a metal or porcelain framework. Metal or porcelain wings on each side of the bridge are bonded to your existing teeth.
A dental bridge can restore your smile ; restore the ability to speak and chew properly ; Distribute the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth ; Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position and ; Maintain the shape of your face and keep you looking youthful.